Heli Tiirmaa-Klaar

Heli Tiirmaa-Klaar headshot
Visiting Fellow

Heli Tiirmaa-Klaar is Ambassador for Cyber Diplomacy and Director General for the Cyber Diplomacy Department at the Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Up to fall 2018, she worked as Head of Cyber Policy Coordination at the European External Action Service, where she steered and coordinated E.U. external relations on cyber issues from 2012. She set up E.U. strategic cyber dialogues with the U.S., India, Brazil, Japan, and South Korea as well as other international organizations. Tiirmaa-Klaar also kicked off E.U. global cyber capacity building programs and steered the development of the E.U. Cyber Diplomacy Toolbox to bolster E.U. response to malicious cyber activities. In 2011, she was assigned to the NATO International Staff to prepare the NATO Cyber Defense Policy. She has been working on cyber security since 2007 when she led the development of the Estonian Cyber Security Strategy, and coordinated the implementation of the Estonian strategy, building Estonia’s national cyber resilience structures as well as public-private partnerships for cyber security. Tiirmaa-Klaar was a Fulbright Scholar at George Washington University and has published in several academic journals throughout her career.

Expertise: Diplomacy, International Law, International Relations, Power & Security, Technology

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